Dilitas Weekly International Security Brief

The threat to the UK from International Terrorism is SEVERE
The threat to Great Britain from Irish Republican Terrorism is MODERATE

SEVERE means that a terrorist attack is highly likely;
SUBSTANTIAL means that a terrorist attack is a strong possibility;
MODERATE, means that a terrorist attack is possible, but not likely.


A chemistry teacher who was poised to travel to Syria to fight with the group that became widely known as Islamic State has been jailed for six years. Jamshed Javeed, from Manchester, was “determined to fight jihad” despite pleas from his family not to, Woolwich Crown Court heard. Javeed, 30, who admitted terror offences, claimed in court he wanted to go to support ordinary Syrians. He was arrested in December 2013 hours before he was set to leave the UK.

A former detective who investigated a plot to blow up a Manchester shopping centre said lives were put at risk by a failure to prosecute in the UK. Retired Det Ch Insp Allan Donoghue said the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) was wrong not to charge Abid Naseer with planning a terrorist attack. Naseer, 28, was found guilty by a US court on Wednesday of being part of a trans-Atlantic al-Qaeda conspiracy.

A former Royal Marine has become the first Briton to be killed while fighting alongside Kurdish forces against Islamic State in Syria, a Kurdish militia has told the BBC. The Kurdish Popular Protection Units (YPG) named him as Konstandinos Erik Scurfield, from Barnsley.

A London-based web designer who is accused of training for terrorism and working as a propagandist for al-Qaeda, is facing a possible life sentence in a U.S. prison after being extradited to New York, prosecutors announced last week. Minh Quang Pham is charged with possessing and using an AK-47 rifle “in furtherance of crimes of violence”, receiving military-style training and providing support to al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, the Yemen-based branch of the terrorist network. Pham, a 32-year-old Vietnamese citizen, boasted that he had “travelled to Yemen in order to join AQAP, and to wage jihad on behalf of AQAP”, according to U.S. authorities in New York. He is also accused of helping to produce Inspire, al-Qaeda’s English-language magazine. Prosecutors have said the alleged 2013 Boston Marathon bombers may have learned how toconstruct explosives from the publication.

Counter-terrorism police investigating large-scale fraud linked to extremists travelling to Syria have arrested three men in London on suspicion of money laundering. The arrests are linked to reports of vulnerable victims being “cold called” by a suspect impersonating a police officer, who informs them their bank account has been compromised, New Scotland Yard said. Victims are then tricked into transferring money to an account under the control of the suspects. Two men were arrested at addresses in west and east London. It later emerged a third man was arrested in west London. One elderly man lost approximately £150,000 as a result of the fraud.

MI5 has set up a “lone wolf” terror unit as part of one of the biggest operational shake-ups in the organisation’s history, it can be disclosed. The security agency has already foiled one attack that was in “the advanced stages of planning” using a new program to “manage individuals judged to present a risk of carrying out violent acts of terrorism alone, or in small groups”. The Government said that MI5 has now changed the way that new intelligence leads are processed; developed new ways to identify potential terrorists acting alone and now has better communication channels with the police. MI5 has set up ‘Project Danube’, a program for “managing the level of risk posed by low-level subjects of interest”, according to a report. It comes amid fears that hundreds of extremists linked to Islamic State, like Mohammed Emwazi, known as “Jihadi John”, have not been properly monitored by the police and security services.

Further coverage of news that the secret services are now monitoring 3,000 extremists living in Britain who they fear could become future ‘Jihadi Johns’. Senior sources inside Whitehall said that security officials are concerned about ISIL’s high profile and its use of social media to recruit young men. The officials also stated that the would-be terrorists are becoming harder to track because use of the Internet means they are less likely to be members of known groups. Instead, youngsters who are radicalised online are more likely to carry out unpredictable attacks on home soil, and the risk of these attacks is increasing, the director of the Royal United Services Institute has said.

Information obtained using torture was used to help foil an al-Qaeda plot to bring down two planes, it has been claimed. British authorities intercepted a bomb at East Midlands Airport after being ‘tipped off’ by Saudi Arabian security forces, reportedly following the interrogation by torture of an al-Qaeda operative. The claim comes as former MI5 head, Sir John Sawers, said torture does produce ‘useful information’ and can be ‘effective in the short term.’ A major security alert was launched after plastic explosives concealed inside inkjet printer cartridges were discovered on two cargo planes travelling from Yemen to the U.S. in October 2010. It is believed the bombs were designed to go off mid-air and bring the huge planes down over the U.S.

The UK and Russia will continue to have a “prickly relationship” with no clear change in Vladimir Putin’s intentions in Ukraine, the foreign secretary says. Philip Hammond said Moscow had chosen to enter a “strategic competition” with the West rather than being an ally.

There will be no “further cuts to our regular armed forces” under David Cameron’s leadership, the foreign secretary has said. But Philip Hammond said there were “very difficult decisions” on deficit reduction to come after the election. The government is under pressure to commit to meeting Nato’s target of spending at least 2% of GDP on defence beyond 2016.

Every police force in England and Wales is preparing for major budget cuts over the next five years. Forces are facing a 5% cut in government funding in 2015/16 and more cuts after the general election. Some forces are planning to reduce officer numbers to help them operate on smaller budgets.


A controlled explosion has been carried out on an incendiary bomb found in the grounds of Ballycastle police station in County Antrim. A second device has been declared a hoax. They were found in the grounds of the station on the Ramoan Road last Thursday morning.



Islamic State militants have destroyed ruins at the ancient city of Hatra, Iraqi officials say. A tourism and antiquities ministry official said the extent of the damage at the Unesco world heritage site was unclear, but he had received reports that it had been demolished. Hatra was founded in the days of the Parthian Empire over 2,000 years ago.

Archaeologists and officials have expressed outrage about the bulldozing of the ancient Assyrian city of Nimrud by Islamic State militants in Iraq. IS began demolishing the site, which was founded in the 13th Century BC, on Thursday, according to Iraqi officials. The head of the UN’s cultural agency condemned the “systematic” destruction in Iraq as a “war crime”. IS, which controls large areas of Iraq and Syria, says shrines and statues are “false idols” that have to be smashed. “They are erasing our history,” said Iraqi archaeologist Lamia al-Gailani.


Fierce clashes are taking place around the Iraqi city of Tikrit, as soldiers and militiamen attack Islamic State positions in the centre, officials say. Battles were reported in the suburb of al-Dour, the western al-Zuhur district, the northern area of Qadisiya, and near the Teaching Hospital in the south. But the government advance has been slowed by roadside bombs planted by IS.

A military operation to retake the Iraqi city of Tikrit from Islamic State (IS) has caused about 28,000 people to flee their homes, the UN says. Those displaced are headed towards the city of Samarra, the UN said, but many families are stranded at checkpoints.

Iraqi forces have pushed Islamic State (IS) fighters out of the western town of al-Baghdadi, the US military says. The town, which was taken over by IS last month, is about 8km (5 miles) from a base housing hundreds of US troops who are training Iraqi soldiers.


Iran has rejected as “excessive and illogical” a demand by US President Barack Obama that it freeze sensitive nuclear activity for at least 10 years. Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif was quoted saying Mr Obama spoke in “unacceptable and threatening” terms.


Islamist militants are reported to have seized two oil fields in central Libya, as rival groups fight for control of the country. Forces guarding the Bahi and Mabruk sites retreated after running out of ammunition. It is not clear which group seized the oil fields.


Fierce clashes are taking place in the Syrian city of Aleppo, near the Air Force Intelligence facility attacked by rebels last Wednesday, activists say. A security source was quoted as saying that government forces had launched an assault on rebel positions in the west of the city on Thursday morning.

The military chief of Syria’s al-Nusra Front militant group has been killed in an air strike, the jihadist group has said on social media. Three other leaders were killed along with Abu Homam al-Shami, it says. Syria’s state-run news agency said the army had targeted Nusra leaders as they met in northern Idlib province, the Associated Press reported.

The military chief of Syria’s al-Nusra Front has been killed in an air strike, according to social media accounts linked to the jihadist group. The online sources claim three other leaders died along with Abu Homam al-Shami.


A Palestinian has rammed his car into a group of Israeli pedestrians in Jerusalem, injuring four policewomen and another bystander, police say. It happened on the seam of East and West Jerusalem, close to the site of a series of similar attacks last year.


A Tajik opposition leader has been shot dead by an unknown attacker in the Turkish city of Istanbul, Tajik opposition sources have said. Umarali Kuvatov had been living in exile in Turkey and was killed by a shot to the head late on Thursday.


Nigerian militant group Boko Haram has pledged allegiance to Islamic State (IS), according to an audio statement. The message, which has not been verified, was posted on Boko Haram’s Twitter account and is believed to be by the group’s leader, Abubakar Shekau.

Suspected Boko Haram militants have killed at least 45 people in a village in Borno state, north-east Nigeria, witnesses have said. The gunmen who stormed Njaba targeted men and boys before setting the village on fire, survivors added. The raid happened early last Tuesday but was not reported immediately because of the remoteness of the area.

Leading Burundian dissident Hussein Radjabu has escaped from a prison where he was serving a 13-year term for plotting against the state. Mr Radjabu, a former head of the governing party, reportedly escaped with three prison officers. He was widely regarded as Burundi’s most powerful man until his arrest in 2007, amid a rumoured rift with President Pierre Nkurunziza.

A prominent constitutional lawyer has died after being shot outside a cafe in the Mozambican capital, Maputo. Gilles Cistac, of French origin, was a central figure in a sensitive debate about autonomy for Mozambique’s provinces and decentralising power.

Five Kano Pillars players have been shot by gunmen in an attack on the club’s entourage as they travelled to Owerri for the start of the new Nigerian Premier League season.

A former taxi driver from Virginia who was recently placed on the FBI’s list of most-wanted terrorists has been captured in Somalia, a U.S. law enforcement official said earlier last week. The official told The Associated Press that Liban Mohamed, 29, is in Somali custody. The official would not describe what efforts would be made to bring Mohamed to the United States for trial. […] Mohamed is charged with providing material support to al-Qaeda and the Somali-based group al- Shabaab, and is one of about 30 people on the FBI’s most-wanted list for terrorists. He was placed on the list about a month ago. Details of the charges against him remain under seal, but the FBI said it considered Mohamed’s arrest a priority because of his knowledge of the nation’s capital and
its landmarks.

Abuse and exploitation in areas under government control in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo are almost as bad as they were under rebel control, British charity Oxfam says. Villagers interviewed for an Oxfam report complained of abuses including extortion, forced labour, illegal taxation and arbitrary arrests.
Tanzania’s President Jakaya Kikwete has vowed to end the killings of albinos, which he said had brought shame on the East African nation. “I’m shocked and saddened at the sudden upsurge in these macabre killings,” he is quoted as saying in a TV address.

Four people have been sentenced to death in Tanzania after being found guilty of murdering an albino woman. The four had killed the woman in 2008 because they believed her body parts had special powers, according to the judge in north-western town of Geita.

Tanzanian police have arrested 32 witchdoctors in the north-western Geita region as part of efforts to halt the killings of albinos.

A woman who was beaten to death in northern Nigeria on suspicion of being a suicide bomber was in fact mentally ill and not involved in terrorism, according to police and her family. Thabita Haruna, 33, was attacked by a mob a week last Sunday after she refused to be screened at a marketplace in Bauchi.


The EU’s foreign policy chief has called for international efforts to make a fragile ceasefire for eastern Ukraine stick. Speaking ahead of a meeting of EU foreign ministers, Federica Mogherini insisted implementation of the Mink peace deal was “the way forward”. This comes after senior figures in the US Congress called for Washington to send lethal defence weapons to Ukraine.

A suspected methane gas blast at a coal mine in a rebel-held region of eastern Ukraine has killed at least 33 people and trapped approximately 30, officials say. At least 14 miners were also injured at the Zasyadko mine, which saw Ukraine’s worst mine disaster nearly eight years ago when 101 were killed.


A court in Moscow has charged two men in connection with the murder of Russian opposition activist Boris Nemtsov. The two, named as Anzor Gubashev and Zaur Dadayev, are of Chechen origin, according to Russian media reports.

Russia’s President Vladimir Putin has called for an end to “shameful” political killings in Russia, after the shooting of opposition politician Boris Nemtsov just outside the Kremlin walls. He said the most serious attention should be paid to high-profile crimes.


A bomb exploded at the main entrance of a first-floor house owned by a 29-year-old man from Limassol early on Tuesday. Police said the bomb, which was a high-powered improvised explosive device, went off at around 2.30am. The entrance to the house was damaged extensively and windows of nearby homes were shattered. Limassol CID is investigating.


A militant Korean nationalist has slashed the face of the US ambassador to South Korea at a breakfast meeting in Seoul, but the envoy was not seriously hurt. Mark Lippert, 42, was also cut on his left hand, with blood spattered over the breakfast table. Security officers subdued the attacker, one pinning him down with a shoe on his neck, until he was arrested. North Korea has described the attack as “just punishment for US warmongers”.

South Korean police say they are seeking charges of attempted murder against a man who slashed the US ambassador to Seoul. Ambassador Mark Lippert is recovering in hospital after Kim Ki-jong attacked him with a knife on Thursday.


A pastor from a Canadian church has been detained by North Korea, Canada has confirmed to his family and church. Reverend Hyeon Soo Lim, 60, was a regular traveller to North Korea where his church said he was engaged in humanitarian work. He has not been heard from since he arrived at the end of January.


Five people have died in a stabbing attack in the western Japanese city of Sumoto, local media report. A 40-year-old unemployed man was arrested for allegedly attacking the victims at a farmstead early this morning, according to police.


Customs officials in Bangladesh have seized gold worth around $1.7m (£1.1m) from the hand luggage of a North Korean diplomat. Son Young-nam, first secretary at the North Korean embassy in Dhaka, landed in the city on a flight from Singapore on Thursday night.


Two Australian men convicted of leading the Bali Nine drug smuggling ring have been moved to the Indonesian island where they are due to be executed. Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran are among a group of foreigners expected to face a firing squad in the coming days.


A Taiwanese court has sentenced a man to death for killing four people and injuring 22 others in a knife attack in the Taipei underground last May. Cheng Chieh used a long fruit knife to stab fellow passengers during a Metro ride, before others overpowered him. The 21-year-old pleaded guilty to murder and attempted murder charges.


Five people have been killed in a machine-gun and grenade attack on a nightclub in Mali’s capital, Bamako. A BBC correspondent at the scene says a French national was shot dead at La Terrasse bar. Two Malian men were killed as the gunmen fled the scene. A Belgian man died when a grenade was thrown at his car in a nearby street. A third European died in hospital. Witnesses say the attackers shouted “God is Great” in Arabic (“Allahu Akbar”).

A rocket attack on a United Nations base in northern Mali has killed a peacekeeper and two civilians. The peacekeeper died when about 30 rockets struck the base in the desert town of Kidal, said the UN mission.


New Zealand is conducting mass surveillance over its Pacific neighbours, reports citing documents leaked by US whistleblower Edward Snowden say. Calls, emails and social media messages were being collected from Pacific nations, the New Zealand Herald said. The data was shared with other members of the “Five Eyes” network – the US, Australia, Britain and Canada.


The head of Vatican security said Islamic State militants have threatened the Vatican, but there are no indications of any planned attack. “There are not only the threats of the Islamic State, but also the risk of action by individuals, which is more dangerous because it is unpredictable,” he said in an interview for the March edition of Polizia Moderna, the monthly magazine of the Italian state police. For months, there have been rumours of threats against the Vatican or Pope Francis by the Islamic State militants who are attacking Christians, other religious minorities and Muslims they do not agree with in Syria and Iraq. […] The commander of the Vatican police force said, “The threat exists. That is what has emerged in meetings with my Italian and foreign colleagues. But the existence of a threat is one thing and planning an attack is another. At this time, we have not been informed of any plans to attack the Vatican or the Holy Father.”


Ten more drones have been spotted flying over Paris and reports say police are searching for four men after a chase in the east of the city. The latest drones were seen hovering near the Eiffel Tower and several other areas further away from the centre. Some 60 drones have been sighted since October, over nuclear installations and central Paris, the government says.


Germany’s Federal Intelligence Service (BND) is dealing with what media have described as its own “Watergate” scandal, after taps were removed from its unfinished new Berlin headquarters. The removal happened on Tuesday and left large parts of the building flooded, police say. An investigation has begun into the theft, but police have so far found no signs of a break-in. The incident is seen as embarrassing for the BND, as well as expensive.


Colombian officials have detained the captain of a Chinese ship bound for Cuba for illegally carrying explosives and other arms. The ship was stopped over the weekend in the Caribbean port of Cartagena, the attorney general’s office said. About 100 tonnes of gunpowder, almost three million detonators and some 3,000 cannon shells were found on board the Da Dan Xia, officials said. But according to the ship’s records, it was carrying grain products.

Colombia’s government and Farc rebels have agreed to work together to remove landmines in rural areas of the country where they have fought since the 1960s. The announcement was made in Cuba, where both sides have been engaged in peace talks for more than two years.


A judge in Brazil has been suspended from a high-profile case against Eike Batista, a tycoon who is accused of insider trading, officials say. Flavio Roberto de Souza was deemed unfit to continue because he was caught driving home in Mr Batista’s Porsche.


Bolivia’s former top policeman who had previously been in charge of its counter-narcotics force is being held on suspicion of illicit enrichment and links to the drugs trade. Gen Oscar Nina led Bolivia’s national police force from 2010 until 2011. His wife, daughter and son were also arrested and have been charged with illicit enrichment.


Omar Trevino Morales, leader of the notorious Zetas drugs cartel in Mexico, has been captured by security forces. He was arrested in the early hours of Wednesday in the city of Monterrey in the northern state of Nuevo Leon, police said.


The gunman who shot dead a Canadian soldier and tried to storm parliament last year was protesting against Canada’s military role overseas. In a video newly released by police and made by Michael Zehaf-Bibeau shortly before the attacks, he cites Iraq and Afghanistan. He said he wanted to show that Canadian soldiers were “not even safe in your own land”.

In Canada, the lawyer for one of two men accused of plotting to derail a passenger train between Canada and the U.S. says his client was never actually interested in carrying out terrorist activities. He said that Raed Jaser was really only ever interested in extracting money from his co-accused and undercover FBI agent who joined their alleged plan. Jaser and Chiheb Esseghaier face several terror-related charges in the alleged plot to derail a Via Rail train travelling from New York to Toronto.


Leading Republicans and Democrats have urged President Barack Obama to provide lethal defensive weapons to Ukraine in its fight against pro-Russian rebels. In a letter, House Speaker John Boehner and other lawmakers said Russia’s actions in Ukraine were a “grotesque violation of international law”.

The US will continue to keep an eye on “destabilising” acts by Iran, despite moves towards a nuclear deal, Secretary of State John Kerry has said. Mr Kerry made the comments on a visit to the Saudi capital Riyadh, where he sought to ease concerns among Gulf nations about the talks.

A Cardinal in the U.S. has compared Islamic State to the IRA, saying militants terrorising the Middle East are a distortion of “genuine” Islam, just as the Irish Republican Army was a “perversion” of Catholicism. Cardinal Timothy Dolan, the archbishop of New York, drew the parallel in an interview with CNN. […] Cardinal Dolan’s views are in line with President Barack Obama, who last month said religion was not responsible for terrorism and radical groups like al-Qaeda and the Islamic State had warped Islam into twisted ideologies.

Reported 4th March 2015 – The trial of the man accused of planting bombs close to the finish line of the Boston Marathon two years ago gets under way in the city shortly. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, 21, denies more than 30 counts of using a weapon of mass destruction. Three people, including an eight-year-old boy, were killed after two pressure cooker bombs packed with nails, ball bearings and other shrapnel detonated.

The defence team for the alleged Boston Marathon bomber, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, made a stunning admission at the beginning of his trial on 4 March saying, “It was him … We’re all going to come face to face with unbearable grief, loss and pain caused by a series of senseless, horribly misguided acts carried out by two brothers, 26-year-old Tamerlan Tsarnaev and his younger brother, 19-year- old Dzhokhar,” the defense attorney told the court. “We do not and will not at any point in this case sidestep or attempt to sidestep Dzhokhar’s responsibility for his actions. We think the question of ‘why’ is important.” She said it was that facet, the motive behind the deadly bombing, where the defence disagrees with the prosecution.

A Pakistani man was found guilty on 4 March in federal court in Brooklyn of a failed al-Qaeda bomb plot after a New York trial that featured spies in disguise, evidence from the raid on Osama bin Laden’s compound and the defendant’s questioning of an admitted co-conspirator. No date was set for sentencing. Abid Naseer was first arrested in 2009 in Britain on charges that he was part of a terror cell plotting to blow up a shopping mall in Manchester, England. The charges were dropped after a British court found there was insufficient evidence, but U.S. prosecutors later named him in an indictment that alleged a broader conspiracy that included a failed plot to attack the New York City subway. After his re-arrest and extradition to the United States in 2013, Naseer pleaded not guilty to providing and conspiring to provide material support to al-Qaeda and conspiring to use a destructive device.

A California man accused of trying to travel to Syria to join ISIL was indicted last week, charged with attempting to support terror and other counts. Adam Dandach, 21, of Orange, California, was arrested last July and initially charged in a complaint of making false statements on a passport application with plans to fly from Orange County’s John Wayne Airport to Istanbul, Turkey, and eventually reach Syria, the FBI said.


US prosecutors have charged two Vietnamese and a Canadian for their roles in what they claim is one of the biggest data breaches in US history. It’s alleged that they stole nearly a billion email addresses by hacking into eight email service providers. They used the data to spam tens of millions of people and sell them fake products, netting over $2m (£1.3m).

Major security vulnerabilities in the Federal Aviation Administration’s information systems are putting air traffic control programs, along with plane passengers, at risk, two U.S. senators said in a letter to the transportation secretary last week. “These vulnerabilities have potential to compromise the safety and efficiency of the national airspace system, which the traveling public relies on each and every day,” Senator Bill Nelson, a Florida Democrat, and Senator John Thune, a South Dakota Republican, wrote to Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx.

A month after detecting a data breach, Anthem, a Blue Cross and Blue Shield (BCBS) federal employee benefit provider, either does not know or won’t comment publicly on how many federal employee plan members are affected by the hack. Over the past week, Anthem has disclosed more details on the extent of a December 2014 database compromise that allowed unidentified attackers to view sensitive personal information. The incident is now known to have affected current members of Anthem’s own federal benefits BCBS plan, which includes 1.3 million individuals, according to the company’s website.


9 March 1994 Provisional IRA launched improvised mortars at Heathrow Airport with further attacks taking place on 11 and 13 March.
9 March 2015 Commonwealth Day
11 March 2004 Ten bombs explode on morning rush hour trains in Madrid killing 200
15 March 2015 Mothering Sunday – UK only
16 March 1988 Murder of Kurdish villagers at Halabja by Iraqi troops using chemical weapons
16 March 1984 William Buckley, a U.S. national, kidnapped and killed by Hezbollah
17 March 1992 Car bomb at Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires kills 28, injures 220
17 March 1968 Grosvenor Square massed riots directed against the U.S. Embassy during an anti-Vietnam war rally
17 March 1968 Grosvenor Square massed riots directed against the U.S. Embassy during an anti-Vietnam war rally.
17 March 2015 St Patrick’s Day
19 March 2007 Suicide bomber attacks U.S. convoy in Afghanistan killing 2 officials. Taliban claimed responsibility.
19 March 1982 Argentinean actions result in the start of the Falklands War – 1982
20 March 2003 Invasion of Iraq by US/British troops to remove Saddam Hussein
20 March 1995 Sarin Nerve gas attack on Tokyo subway kills 12 and sickens 5,000.
21 March 2015 Nowruz – Afghanistan/Iran New Year
21 March 1985 Founding day of E.R.N.K. (political wing of the Kurdish PKK)
24 March 1986 U.S. retaliation against Libyan aggression during naval exercise in Gulf of Sirte
27 March 2001 Abdelmajid Dahoumane arrested for role in plot to attack Los Angeles International Airport on 31 December 1999
29 March 2010 Some 40 killed and 60 wounded as two female [Chechen] suicide bombers attack two Metro stations in Moscow.
29 March 2015 British Summer Time begins – clock in the UK go forward 1 hour
29 Marh 2015 Christian festival – Palm Sunday
30 March 1979 British MP, Airey Neave, killed by under vehicle bomb as he drove out of the Palace of Westminster. Irish National Liberation Army claimed responsibility.

1 April 2015 All Fools Day (UK and US)
2 April 1998 In the Irish Republic, a 990lb VBIED is discovered at Dublin ferry port bound for England. The device was made safe. Real IRA blamed.
2 April 1986 Attempted sabotage of TWA flight 840. Four people killed, nine injured.
2 April, 1982 Argentina invades the Falkland Islands, precipitating war with Britain
April campaign across the USA
3 April 2015 Christian festival – Good Friday
4 April 1986: La Belle discothèque bombed in Germany killing three. Libya implicated in the attack.
April 4 1979 Execution by hanging of former Pakistan President Bhutto
4 April 2015 Pesach (Passover)
5 April 2015 Christian festival – Easter Day
April 5, 1988 Hezbollah hijack a Kuwaiti B747 aircraft, an incident that lasted 16 days.
6 April 2015 UK Public Holiday – Easter Monday
April 6, 2001 Algerian Ahmed Ressam is convicted of the New Years Day plot to bomb Los Angeles airport.
April 6, 1994 Presidents of Rwanda and Burundi killed when their aircraft was believed shot down by a missile. Start of Rwanda civil war.
April 7, 1998 Rocket attack on the Athens branch of the U.S. Citibank
April 10, 1998 Northern Ireland’s Good Friday Agreement signed
April 10, 1992 Massive Provisional IRA truck bomb functions outside the City of London’s Baltic Exchange killing 3 people and causing immense damage.
April 11, 1968 Founding day of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command
April 12, 1997 Police in Sarajevo thwart an attempt to kill the Pope.
April 12, 2000 HM Queen presents the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) with the George Cross, the highest civilian award for bravery.
April 14, 2005 In the UK, Kamel Bourgass is jailed for 17 years for plotting to spread Ricin. He was already serving life for the murder of a police officer during a police raid on his Manchester apartment in 2003.
April 15, 2013 Three killed, 264 wounded when bombs explode at Boston Marathon; Djokhar Tsarnaev arrested, Tamerian Tsarnaev killed in manhunt
April 15, 1986 U.S. fighter planes from USAF Lakenheath attack targets in Libyan cities of Tripoli and Benghazi. Libya threats to retaliate against US and UK.
April 16, 1988 Assassination in Tunis of PLO Leader Abu Jihad by Israeli Agents
April 17, 1984 Murder of woman police officer, Yvonne Fletcher, outside Libyan Peoples Bureau in St. James Square, London.
April 17, 1961 An invasion force of Cuban exiles lands at Cuba’s Bay of Pigs to try to overthrow Fidel Castro.
April 18, 1983 Hezbollah mounts a massive VBIED attack on the U.S. Embassy in Lebanon killing 63 people and wounding more than 100.
April 18, 2010 Abu Ayyub al-Masri and ‘Umar al-Baghdadi, the leaders of al-Qaeda in Iraq, are killed in Coalition raid in Baghdad
April 19, 1993 End of the siege at the Branch Davidian Cult in Waco, Texas.
April 19, 1995 Massive VBIED attack on the Federal building in Oklahoma kills 167 people. McVeigh later executed for this crime June 2001.
April 20, 2014 Easter Day – Christian
April 20, 1870 Birth Date of Hitler (occasional rallies by extreme Right Wing groups)
April 20, 1998 Germany’s Red Army Faction announces its disbandment
April 21, 1926 Birthday of HM Queen Elizabeth ll. Gun salutes in Hyde Park
April 21, 1997 End of 126-day siege at Japanese Ambassador’s residence in Peru.
April 22, 2002 Al-Qaeda attack on a Tunisia synagogue in Djerba kills 19 people
April 24, 1915 Anniversary of Armenian genocide in Turkey.
April 24, 1916 Start of the Easter Rising in Dublin.
April 24, 1968 Founding of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command.
April 24, 1993 A massive Provisional IRA truck bomb at Bishopsgate, City of London, kills one person and injures 35 others.
April 24, 1996: Large Provisional IRA Semtex bomb under Hammersmith Bridge fails to function properly.
April 25, 2011 Easter Monday
April 25, 1997: To date, the last Provisional IRA attack on mainland UK prior to their current ceasefire. A bomb attack on an electricity pylon next to M6 in Walsall.
April 25, 1980 Failed U.S. military hostage rescue mission to free 53 U.S. hostages held in the Iranian capital, Tehran.
April 26, 1986 Chernobyl Disaster
April 27, 1984 End of Libyan Embassy siege in London
April 28, 2011 Bomb kills 15 in Marrakech cafe frequented by Westerners in first major attack in country since May 2003; government blames AQIM but group denies responsibility
April 29, 1992 Rioting in Los Angeles following verdict in Rodney King case
April 30, 1975 The war in Vietnam ends as Saigon surrenders to the Vietcong.
April 30, 1973 President Nixon takes responsibility for the Watergate scandal but denies any personal involvement
April 30, 1980 Iranian Embassy siege in London – ended on May 5th in a resolution by 22 Special Air Service Regiment.